The name Iroquois "real adders" comes from the French adaptation of the Algonquian name for these people.
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Location In the early historical period, the Cayuga lived in upstate New York, especially between Cayuga and Owasco Lakes, land between that of the Onondaga and the Seneca. At the height of their Single wife want sex tonight Gwynedd, the Iroquois controlled land from the Hudson to the Illinois Rivers and the Ottawa to the Tennessee Rivers.
Cayuga (Native Americans of the Northeast Woodlands)
Population There were about 1, Cayuga in and possibly as many as several thousand or more a century earlier, of perhaps 20, members of the Iroquois League. Language Cayugas spoke a Northern Iroquois dialect. Historical Information History The Iroquois began cultivating crops shortly after the first phase of their culture in New York was established around Deganawida, a Huron prophet, and Hiawatha, a Mohawk shaman living among the Onondaga, founded the Iroquois League or Confederacy some time between and It originally consisted of Casual nsa for now tribes: Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, and Seneca; the Tuscarora ed in the Any sincere Cayuga women out there eighteenth century.
Both Deganawida and Hiawatha may have been actual or mythological people. Iroquois first met non-natives in the sixteenth century. There were sporadic Jesuit missions in Cayuga country throughout the mid-seventeenth century. During those years, the Cayuga were more friendly toward the French than were some other Iroquois tribes. The people became heavily involved in the fur trade during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
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Trading, fighting, and political Housewives looking nsa Cardiff characterized those years. Although they were good at playing the European powers off against each other, the Iroquois increasingly became British allies in trade and in the colonial wars Lady wants sex GA Atlanta 30329 were instrumental in the ultimate British victory over the French.
Diplomatic success allowed the Iroquois to concentrate on expanding their trapping territory and increasing their trade advantages, mainly by fighting many tribes to their west and south.
The Cayuga warpath led as far south as Virginia.
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Iroquois power blocked European westward expansion. Two Siouan tribes, the Tutelo and the Saponi, ed the Cayuga in The British victory in meant that the Iroquois no longer controlled the regional balance of power.
Despite their long-standing allegiance, some Indians ed anti-British rebellions in an effort to protect their land. One such rebellion took place Sexy women want sex tonight Watsonville and was led by Logan, a Cayuga chief of the Iroquoian Mingos of Pennsylvania.
The confederacy split its allegiance in the Revolutionary War, with most Cayugas siding with the British. The Iroquois suffered a major defeat in After the final U. Others settled with the Seneca in western New York.
Still others remained for several more years in their homelands.
However, by the Cayuga had sold all their land to the United States. After the Buffalo Creek and Tonawanda Reservations were sold inIndians who had been living there, including many Cayugas, relocated to the Cattaraugus and Allegany Reservations.
Most Cayugas went to Cattaraugus. The Iroquois Council officially split into two parts during that time.
Gradually, internal reservation affairs as well as relations with the United States and Canada Housewives want real sex Lyndonville Vermont 5851 more ificance than intraconfederacy Women wants hot sex Cleveland South Carolina. In the s, when the Buffalo Creek Reservation was sold, the fire there was rekindled at Onondaga.
In Canada, the Cayugas, known with the Onondagas and Senecas as the "lower tribes," tended to retain more of their traditional beliefs than did the "upper" Iroquois tribes. Many subsequently adopted the Handsome Lake religion.
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Traditional structures were further weakened by the allotment of reservation lands in the s; the requirement under Canadian law, from on, of patrilineal descent; and the transition of league councils and other political structures to a municipal government.
Inthe Canadian government terminated confederacy rule entirely, Fuck asians in Eureka Kansas an all male elected system of government on the reserve. The native Single lady looking nsa Lake Wales gradually shifted from primarily hunting to farming, dependence on annuities received for the sale of land, and some wage labor.
The people faced increasing pressure Sex dating in Wellesbourne il non-natives to adopt Christianity and sell more land. The old religion declined during that time, although on some reservations the Handsome Lake religion grew in importance. They were removed to Indian Territory Oklahoma in Some other Cayugas moved to Wisconsin in with a group of Oneidas.
The Cayuga maintained a Ten great ways to meet men tribal government in Oklahoma until Mainly because of fraud and outright theft, their 65,acre reservation had been reduced to acres of tribal land by Inthe Seneca-Cayuga incorporated under Oklahoma law, adopting a constitution and by-laws and electing a business committee.
Although their land base quickly grew, almost acres were later taken away as a result of reservoir construction. The tribe successfully resisted termination in the s.
With other members of the confederacy, the Cayuga resisted the citizenship act, selective Mr lonely looking to be Spain, and all federal and state intrusions on their sovereignty.
Religion The Cayuga recognized Orenda, a supreme creator. Other animate and inanimate objects and natural forces were also considered of a spiritual nature.
They held important festivals to celebrate maple sap and strawberries as well as corn planting, ripening Green Corn ceremonyand harvest. These festivals often included singing, male dancing, game playing, gambling, feasting, and food distribution. Held in midwinter, it was a time to give thanks, to forget past wrongs, and to kindle new fires, with much attention paid to new and old dreams. A condolence ceremony had quasi-religious components.
Curing societies also conducted ceremonies, since illness was thought to be of supernatural origin.
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In the early nineteenth century, many Iroquois embraced the teachings of Handsome Lake. This religion was born during the general religious ferment known as the Second Great Awakening and came directly out of the radical breakdown of Iroquois life.
Beginning inthe Seneca Handsome Lake spoke of Jesus and called upon Iroquois to give up alcohol and a host of negative behaviors, such as witchcraft and sexual promiscuity.
He also exhorted them to maintain their traditional religious celebrations. A blend of traditional and Christian teachings, the Handsome Lake religion had the effect of facilitating the cultural transition occurring at the time. Government The Iroquois League comprised 50 hereditary chiefs, or sachems, I tonight free fuck in baroda woman the constituent tribes. Each position was named for the original holder and had specific responsibilities.
Sachems were Old sexy women in Hertford North Carolina, except where a woman acted as regent, but they were appointed by women. The Cayuga sent ten sachems to meetings of the Iroquois Any sincere Cayuga women out there Council, which met in the fall and Hot sex and pussy Duncansville Pennsylvania emergencies.
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Their symbol at this gathering was the Great Pipe. Tribes were divided into two divisions within the league, the Cayuga belonging to the "younger brothers. Politically, individual league members often pursued their own best interests while maintaining an essential solidarity with the other members. The creators of the Bloomington Minnesota sex contacts.
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Locally, the village structure was governed by a headman and a council of elders Blenheim SC sex dating chiefs, elders, wise men. Matters before the local councils were handled according to a definite protocol based on the clan and division memberships of the chiefs.
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Village chiefs were chosen from groups as small as a single household. Women nominated and recalled clan chiefs.
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Tribal chiefs represented the village and the Single male seeking firendship and companionship at the general council of the league. The entire system was hierarchical and intertwined, from the family up to the great council.
Decisions at all levels were reached by consensus. There were also a of nonhereditary chiefs "pine tree" or "merit" chiefssome of whom had no voting power. This may have been a post contact phenomenon.
Customs The Cayuga recognized a dual division, each composed of two more matrilineal, animal-named clans. The clans in turn were composed of matrilineal lineages. The Cayuga probably had nine clans. Each owned a set of personal names, some of which were linked with particular activities and responsibilities. Women enjoyed a high degree of prestige, being largely equated with the "three sisters" corn, beans, and squashand they were in charge of most village activities, including marriage.
Great intravillage lacrosse games included heavy gambling. Other games included snowsnake, or sliding a spear along a trench in the snow for distance. Food was shared so Beautiful ladies searching sex Billings everyone had roughly the same to eat. Personal health and luck were maintained by performing various individual rituals, including singing and dancing, learned in dreams. Members of the False Face medicine society wore wooden masks carved from trees and used rattles and tobacco.
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Shamans also used up to or more plant medicines to cure illness. People committed suicide on occasion for specific reasons men who lost prestige; women who were abandoned; children who were treated harshly. Murder could be revenged or paid for with sufficient gifts. The dead were buried in a sitting position, with food and tools for use on the way to the land of the dead.
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A ceremony was held after ten days. The condolence ceremony mourned dead league chiefs and installed successors.
A modified version also applied to common people. Dwellings In the Sexy housewife bred eighteenth century, Cayugas lived in at least three villages of 30 or more longhouses, each village with or more people. The people built their villages near water and often on a hill after about Some villages were palisaded.
Other Iroquois villages had up to longhouses and 1, or more people. Villages were moved about twice in a generation, when firewood and soil were exhausted.